# Insert

rascal-0.30.1

#### Synopsis

Insert a value in a tree during a Visit.

#### Syntax

`insert Exp;`

#### Description

An insert statement may only occur in the action part of a Pattern With Action, more precisely in
a case in a Visit expression. The value matched by the pattern of this case is replaced by the value of *Exp*.

The following rule applies:

- The static type of
*Exp*should be a subtype of the type of the value that is replaced.

#### Examples

Consider the following datatype `CTree`

and assign a CTree value to variable `T`

:

`rascal>data CTree = leaf(int n) | red(CTree left, CTree right) | green(CTree left, CTree right);`

ok

rascal>CTree T = red(green(leaf(1), red(leaf(2), leaf(3))), red(leaf(4), leaf(5)));

CTree: red(

green(

leaf(1),

red(

leaf(2),

leaf(3))),

red(

leaf(4),

leaf(5)))

We can now switch the arguments of all red nodes as follows:

`rascal>visit(T){`

>>>>>>> case red(CTree l, CTree r): insert red(r,l);

>>>>>>>}

CTree: red(

red(

leaf(5),

leaf(4)),

green(

leaf(1),

red(

leaf(3),

leaf(2))))

Since this is a very common idiom, we also have a shorthand for it:

`rascal>visit(T){`

>>>>>>> case red(CTree l, CTree r) => red(r,l)

>>>>>>>}

CTree: red(

red(

leaf(5),

leaf(4)),

green(

leaf(1),

red(

leaf(3),

leaf(2))))

#### Pitfalls

There is a glitch in the Rascal syntax that *requires* a semicolon after a case (as in the first example),
but refuses it in the abbreviated version using `=>`

(the second example).